Maßgeschneidertes Fatbike

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Dieser Artikel behandelt die individuelle Anpassung durch Bruce Ingle einem Freundes John Allens. Er pendelt mit dem Fahrrad zur Arbeit, macht Erledigungen mit dem Fahrrad, fährt lange Entspannungs- und Sportrunden sowie Randonnées. Man kann ihn durchaus als Generalisten sehen, der sich Fahrräder für jeden Zweck individuell zusammenbaut.

Im Jahr 2014 überlegte er sich, dass er gerne ein Fahrrad für den typischen Winter in Bostson bräuchte

Der Weg zu diesem individuellen Fatbike ist hier nachgezeichnet. Er hat einige Diskussion (per EMail) mit Freunden geführt, die seinen Weg nachvollziehbar machen. Der Weg vom Kauf eines Fatbikes zur Individualisierung und Erkenntnisse, wie es sich fährt, werden in diesem Artikel beschrieben.

Dieser Artikel kann für jeden interessant sein, der sich selbst ein Fatbike individuell zusammenbauen möchte - oder auch generell für jedes Fahrradtyp.

Falls Du Dich über die Schutzbleche wunderst. Sie sind ein Selbstbauprojekt. Fatbikes wurden entworfen, um damit in schwierigen Bedingungen zu fahren (das heißt: weiche, sandig, nass, matschig, schmierig oder verschneit). Bruce hat seine eigenen Schutzbleche gebaut, um Sand, Schmutz, Matsch, Schmiere und Streusalz von ihm und seiner Maschine fern zu halten.

Rückansicht des FatbikesBruce auf seinem FatbikeVorderansicht des Fatbikes


Anmerkung vom Übersetzer
Um den Artikel etwas zeitloser zu gestalten, habe ich den über zwei Jahre laufenden Prozess bei der Entstehung des Fatbikes von Bruce Ingle aus dem zeitlichen Rahmen genommen und die Datumsangaben weggelassen. Jeder, der regelmäßig an Fahrräder schraubt und sie individuell aufbaut, weiß sehr gut, dass sich so ein Projekt durchaus über Monate und Jahre hinziehen kann, bis alles perfekt ist. Die Ich Perspektive des Originalartikels habe ich in eine neutrale Perspektive umgewandelt, um den Artikel auch auf dieser Ebene etwas zu abstrahieren.

Im Originalartikel werden oft Bilder von urheberrechtlich zweifelhafter Herkunft eingebunden. Diese habe ich bewusst weggelassen. Wie manches Baumarktfatbike aussieht, kann man sich wahrscheinlich gut vorstellen.

Wo notwendig und geboten, habe ich versucht, typisch amerikanische Produkte und Marken mit vergleichbaren Marken, die in Deutschland leichter erhältlich sind, zu ersetzen.


Werbung:

Historie

Der Pendler zwischen Arbeitsplatz und Wohnung kann schon lange Zeit die Entwicklung von Fatbikes beobachten. Bereits in den 1990er Jahren waren Selbstbaulösungen möglich. Meist waren solche Lösungen aus der Not heraus geboren, weil Schnee und Matsch im Winter das Fahren mit Fahrrädern, die vergleichsweise schmale Reifen haben, erschwert.

Zu dieser Zeit wurde auch der berühmte Iditabike Ultramarathon mit doppelt breiten 26 Zoll Felgen bestritten. Diese Bauweise mit zwei Felgen, bei denen die Speichen vom einen Nabenflansch in die gegenüberliegende Felge gesetzt wurden, hatte den Nachteil, dass sie sich beim spannen der Speichen gegeneinander verdrehten und bei zu hohem Luftdruck auseinandergedrückt wurden. Jedoch mit 2,5 Zoll breiten Reifen und sehr geringen Luftdruck konnte man schon ganz passabel im Schnee fahren.

Auswahl

Wie man sich denken kann, funktioniert die Idee mit den doppelten Felgen und einem breiten MTB Reifen bei sehr niedrigem Luftdruck zwar irgendwie, aber man kommt nicht an die Reifenbreiten (4 Zoll) von aktuellen Fatbike Modelle heran. Sobald man regelmäßig über Schnee fährt, lohnt sich die Investition.

Schaut man sich auf dem Markt um, findet man ähnlich wie auf dem US amerikanischen Markt hier auch Fatbikes in Bau- und Supermärkten. Es bereits sehr günstige Einsteigermodelle in der Größenordnung knapp über 400 € (Stand Oktober 2016). Meist sind diese bereits mit einer einfachen Sieben-Gang-Kettenschaltung (1x7) von Shimano und Rahmen aus HiTen Stahl ausgestattet. Jedoch sind diese für den echten Wintereinsatz so gut wie unbrauchbar, weil ein 22kg schweres Fahrrad bergauf und in tiefen Schnee sicherlich keine Freude bereitet. Da würde selbst ein leichtes Fixed Gear (10-12 kg) Fahrrad für leichten Schnee mehr Sinn ergeben.

Als Beispiel soll hier das "Coyote, 26" Coyote Fatman 4.0" FAT TYRE Fatbike" herhalten wie es im Oktober 2016 bei einer bekannten deutschen Supermarktkette angeboten wurde.

There are some others...the Mongoose Dolomite is available for $250 with a 1x7 drivetrain, disc brakes and 26x4" wheels; the lowest-priced "real" bike I've seen, the Gravity Bullseye Monster, adds a double crank and some alloy parts for $500.

http://www.sears.com/mongoose-26inch-men-s-dolomite-bike/p-00670007000P

Mongoose Dolomite

http://www.bikesdirect.com/products/gravity/fat-bikes/fat-bikes-bullseye-monster.htm

Bulleeye monster unmodified

However, I was considering drive ratios this morning and figured the 26x4" size would be a real loser for drivetrain durability. I've used a gearing range somewhere around 15-100" for riding in pavement to deep snow, and the needed range would probably be even lower with wider tires. The larger tire diameter also requires a lower gear ratio, so I'd be looking at something like 17/36 chainrings with an 11-34 cassette. With such small rings, the crankset would take some work to set up and the chain would be toast in less than 1000 miles.

I recalled a juvenile 20x4" fatbike from my travels and figured this would probably be a better way to go if I were to spend some money, since it solves a lot of problems:

  • The bike is lighter and more functional for the price (7sp, discs, 43 lb, $200);
  • the wheels would be more agile (less steering inertia);
  • the drivetrain can use normal-sized rings;
  • the disc brakes would have better braking torque;
  • the saddle could be more directly over the rear wheel for better traction when climbing;
  • there would be less risk of toe overlap;
  • it'd have a shorter top tube that would be more compatible with the drop bars I normally use;
  • the bottom bracket would probably be lower (providing a more reasonable reach to the ground for road riding);
  • it'd have a better chance of fitting into my car in case of a one-way commute or remote start -- a normal bike with normal-diameter wheels just barely fits, so oversize wheels probably wouldn't.

http://www.walmart.com/ip/20-Mongoose-Boys-Massif-Black-Yellow/29741122

The Massif bicycle with 20"wheels

One other plus in this case is that it appears to use cable-actuated brakes, so I may be able to use drop levers.

Biggest drawback is the smooth tires, and I haven't seen others in the same size. I'd probably add some sheet-metal screw studs to the front tire to make it more compatible with winter conditions -- I've done this before and it works fine, although I haven't tried it with smooth tires. One other option may be seeing if a normal 20x2" knobby tire stays on the rim okay at low pressure, and using the widest available studded tire if it does

[Update as of March, 2016: At this point, inexpensive 20" fatbikes with knobby tires are available, e.g.,

http://www.kohls.com/product/prd-2308872/mongoose-20-in-fatbike-boys.jsp.]

mongoose boy's fatbike

I'd probably have to kludge a front derailleur to reach the chainline on the chainrings, but this appears to be a general problem on fatbikes anyway...the Gravity bike noted above uses only the inner two ring positions, presumably because the front derailleur can't reach the outside ring. Best solution would probably be an oversized band-clamp front derailleur with a spacer block between the derailleur and seat tube.

Discs on a $200 bike may not be worth much, but probably better than a spoon brake.  ;-)

I already have plenty of other projects I've bought and haven't yet implemented, so I'm just thinking at this point. John Schubert replied:

   gear range a couple inches different from what you deem optimal -- hey, I glanced at the gearing; it'll pull stumps, it'll cruise briskly on slight downhills, and everything in between.  What more do you want?
   smaller chain wheels wear out faster.  Keep 'em lubricated, and besides, this is your worst-weather bike, only used less than 1,000 miles per year.  My nephew Charlie Schubert at Bikes Not Bombs can help you find replacement components cheaply.
   chain wears out faster?  Chains still cheap at Mall Wort.

I also think the 20-inch bike is a non-starter. You do not want slick tires; you'll need to cobble a giraffe seat post and handlebar stem, and you'll look dorky on it. If you buy a bike, buy the one that's not a project. The 20-inch one would be a project. Ingle again:

I don't have problems with the other issues you've noted on the 20-inch bike, but you are right about the tires...I looked into tires and couldn't find anything wider than 2.35" with an appreciable tread, and Schwalbe 20" studded tires are only 42mm wide. The only readily-available replacement tire that's close is a 4-1/4" slick for chopper bikes.

I'm not keen on the potential fit issues of 26" oversized tires, so I guess I'll keep chipping away on the project I already have.

Personally, I've yet to find a bike that isn't a project or that I don't look dorky on.

Entscheidungsprozess

January 30, 2015

[as the snowiest month in recent Boston history was about to set in]

I went for a 44 mile ride Sunday with some off-road riding in the fresh snow and decided wider tires than the 2" ones I was using would work a lot better...I was okay as long as I had some momentum and going straight, but as soon as I had to steer I'd bog down.

Last night, I put a wheel with a double rim and 2.5" tire on my cratemobile so I could ride to an appointment...going north from my house generally involves riding through mashed potatoes unless there's been a substantial time since the last storm. Cushy and it sticks like a glue trap, but it has enough drag that the brakes that don't see much use.

I decided at that point I should go ahead and order a real fatbike rather than trying to dump time and money into trying to kludge something together from my existing equipment that wouldn't work as well.

I've heard that cheap disc brakes are nearly impossible to set up without drag. Tektro brakes have always been a good value, so I expect their discs would work well.

Tuesday night, I put in an order for a Gravity Bullseye Monster with 20" frame in silver. I went with the largest size with a reasonable effective top tube length and standover to minimize the need for headtube extensions and/or a riser stem, and I went with silver to match the reflective tape I normally use.

I expect 4" tires will offer less drag for the same pressure; we'll see.

I've been able to keep doing at least a mile a day on the road since October but haven't commuted to work at all this week.

I also started looking into 26x4" studded tires yesterday (and found them to be incredibly expensive) but remembered the zip tie trick this morning. Zip ties can be added around the tire and rim if more traction is needed, since they wouldn't interfere with disc brakes. Crispin Miller

In light snow, fat knobbies may be useful, but I counted it a mistake one time in Allentown when we had a 6" snow and I decided to ride home on a fatbike from [a bicycle magazine's] current road-test stable.

Too much work to make a fat furrow in deep snow. A 27x1" knifes through it and a fat tire doesn't.

There MIGHT be a crossover point so that 4" tires would offer enough flotation to begin to reduce the furrowing work -- I kinda doubt it since x-c skis have way more contact area (a contact patch 6' long) and still sink several inches. Maybe 4"ers would float over slush, not in fresh snow I suspect. Mark Sevier

I've seen fatbikes advertised here and there and never thought much about them (aside from: why?), but last weekend we went x-c skiing in Vermont and they had them for rent for use on the trails, so I figured I had to try one. The snow was good for skiing, and was OK on the level or downhill with the fatbike, but going uphill on the trails was somewhere between very difficult to impossible except where the snow was really hard-packed. Downhill was fun, though turning at speed was interesting / didn't instill confidence. As I thought more about it, fatbikes are a good idea for x-c ski / MTB areas in the northeast, since they can still be used on hardpack / marginal snow conditions / marginal MTB trail conditions which probably accounts for most of the year. I don't think I'd have a use for a fatbike (my MTB has gone unused for many years, and I've become a winter cycling wimp), but the Gravity bike option seems like a great deal - hope you enjoy it!

Anpassung

February 9, 2015 -- fenders

I fabricated and mounted some [Coroplast] retroreflective fenders for the Monster last night. [What is Coroplast? See Kent Peterson's article.] The rear fender line is a bit high in the middle because it only has a couple of horizontal stays, but it should be okay once I've installed a rack.

The frame has seatstay mounting points for a rack, but the only racks I have which would fit around a 4" tire are Pletschers. I'll probably fabricate a custom mount from some steel strip.

[Update, March 2016: a rack was never installed.]

I went out for 6.5 miles very early this morning on local residential streets, modifying my route as needed to stay well clear of plows. Most streets only had an inch or two, and where they had more I had enough traction to stay in any recently-made tire tracks.

When I got to the end of my street, the plow had left a foot-tall mound at the end, so I got a running start and dove in. To my surprise, the front wheel floated over; the rear plowed through. Tires were at 3.5/5.1 PSI.

The rear tire was low enough that the sidewalls would wrinkle while cruising, so I put a bit more in after the ride. I noticed a small notation on the tire reading "inflate to 22 PSI" at that point. I've never had them that high.

I was out about an hour, and my top speed was around 12 MPH -- the brakes didn't get used much. Probably not much faster than a decent runner in the snow on average, but I enjoy cycling more.

A 4.7" Snowshoe XL tire on the front would probably work slightly better and it would fit, but I'll probably wait until I've worn out a tire first. February 11 -- mudflaps

I found this morning I'll need to add mudflaps to the fenders I've installed on the Monster...the bottom bracket still gets covered with slush, and the trailer would as well.

At this point, my utility riding is more limited by etiquette and/or inferiority complex than weather and/or road conditions. I can pretty much ride in anything and do in the early morning, but I don't want to wind up on a narrowed two-lane road with heavy traffic in both directions and a line of fuming drivers or a plow behind me.

I used the Monster to get to an appointment on Thursday and for shopping on Saturday, but between the road conditions it's best used for and the bike's (lack of) speed, I can't see using it for commuting to work at this point. I'll probably wait until the local roads are down to pavement so I can commute on a bike with 2" wide tires.

I measured the Monster's rim width and some 2" tires last night; widths were roughly identical, so the rims could accept the tires if I wanted...but the BB would be lower by 2", so the risk of pedal strike with the wide tread would be pretty high. I'd almost certainly be able to park the bike by putting a pedal down on a flat surface. February 15 -- trying a narrower rear tire; wheel-truing

I put a 2.2" tire on the rear Friday for grocery shopping Saturday. All it did was decrease traction without improving speed, so I put the 4" tire back on. I probably could've just used my normal shopping bike this week, but it's done.

While the rear wheel was off, I checked the tension, evened it out and put on an extra turn all around; the factory build was pretty lousy. I also replaced the wheel reflector with some reflective tape on the rim (wrapped around the edges, since there's no rim brake).

The 170mm overlocknut distance is more than my Park TS-2 [truing stand] can handle (never mind 190mm on some fat bikes), so I wound up truing on the bike. March 2: customizing handlebars and controls

I installed Sakae drop bars, Barcons, Tektro V-levers, QBP riser stem, Shimano XT rear derailer, cables and housing. I was short a couple hours' of sleep last night getting it finished for this morning but got everything done.

I rode it in the freshly-plowed snow this morning. The local Department of Public Works widened the local roads last week but left a couple of inches of ice where the snow had been. The tires were sliding off the parallel ice ridge at the edge of the road until I lowered the tire pressure, but the controls worked fine and my hands were much more comfortable.

The fatbike still needs a gear chart, cyclometer and a couple more rear fender stays, but those should be relatively minor.

I've installed mudflaps on both fenders -- front to keep the snow off the bottom bracket, rear to keep it off the trailer.

Bruce's fatbike

The fully-customized Bullseye Monster fatbike

and for comparison, the Bullseye Monster unmodified

Bullseye Monster unmodified

Fahrradcomputer und Reifenbreiten

April 9

Cyclecomputer and gear shartI pulled the [trailer] hitch from the Monster this weekend to use it on a fair-weather beater, so I took the time to install a speedometer, true up the discs and install reflective tape on the front wheel as well.

I just used a cheap computer I'd effectively gotten for free, so it was pretty maddening to set up. I wound up scrapping a 2GB hard drive for some more magnets and swapping out the wiring harness. Fortunately, the supplied magnet was relatively long to help with the gap between spokes and fork.

I measured the rollout [to set the cyclecomputer] at 10 PSI at 225 cm and went for a test ride to check it against GPS. The GPS read 1.51 miles for 1.49 miles on the computer; I corrected it to 228 cm.

I measured the Monster's rim width and some 2" tires; widths were roughly identical, so the rims could accept the tires if I wanted...but the BB would be lower by 2", so the risk of pedal strike with the wide tread would be pretty high. I'd almost certainly be able park the bike by putting a pedal down on a flat surface.

I need to concentrate more making the corrections for future battles than past ones...my distance bikes need work as well.

Nachträgliche Anmerkungen

  • The fender line has been improved by terminating the stays asymmetrically.
  • I've given up on a rear rack for now; rack stays won't clear the rear disc caliper. If I need luggage capacity, I can probably just use the clamp-on seatpost rack from my folding bike.
  • I've been checking average speeds a bit more lately, and I've noticed the fat bike actually isn't too much slower than my usual winter bike...maybe 9 vs 10 MPH average on mixed surfaces. Perhaps I'll ride it to work at some point.
  • The Tektro disc brakes howl if the rotors are wet (either from rain or condensation) and require readjustment whenever a wheel is removed. I've been advised by a local shop that upgrading the brake pads may solve the noise.
  • The stock chain has no corrosion protection and has been operated for about 386 miles at this point in highly corrosive conditions. I keep it lubricated as best I can, but it flings rust all over the bike whenever I ride it.
  • My longest ride on the bike at this point has been about 13 miles. Although it's fun to ride, it's too slow to make significant distances worthwhile.
  • Installing a permanent lighting system (a large diameter, low-power light, a switchable, separate high beam and taillight wired for a 12 volt battery) is next on my list for the bike but is a low priority.

Quelle

Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel Customizing a Fatbike von der Website Sheldon Browns. Originalautor des Artikels ist Bruce Ingle mit Anmerkungen von Crispin Miller, John Schubert, Mark Sevier und John Allen.